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The camp opened June 14, 1940, when the first transport of Polish political prisoners arrived. Soviet prisoners of war, Gypsies, and prisoners of other nationalities were also incarcerated there. The overall number of victims of Auschwitz in the years 1940-1945 is estimated at between 1,100,000 and 1,500,000 people. The majority of them, and above all the mass transports of Jews who arrived beginning in 1942, died in the gas chambers.